Ujung Kulon is the habitat of the rhino (badak) of which only 60 survive today. Seeing one of these animals is very rare since they are shy and are traceable only at night. Here also roam free some endangered animals like leopard cats, gibbons, long-tailed macaques, leaf-monkeys, crocodiles, muntjaks, mouse deer and herds of grazing wild oxen. In the Park’s surrounding seas are found the great clam, clown fish, angel fish, parrot fish, mudskippers which can climb trees, and archer fish, which spit water up to a height of more than two meters to catch insects.
Ujung Kulon National Park Consist Of :
Peucang Island : Ujung Kulon National Park the unique and delightful Peucang island lies and clear blue water off the north western coast line of the National park. It is white sand beaches. Calm, quite and coral reef shore hold a fascinating world marine life. Here also easy to see a lot of grey monkey, deer, wild pig, kinds of bird and lizard.
Karang Copong : is Last part / ended of Peucang Island, along the tracking rote, kind of deer, bird, and tropical rain forest with big trees are found and ended at karang copong that is the big reef with holes located in marine. Hiking to this place take about 3 hours and great location to watch the sun goes down.
Cidaon Grazing ground : is one of grazing ground in Ujung Kulon National Park that can be reach by boat to cross Peucang Island and continuing by walk 100 m from beach. There are wild cow, peacock, wild pig, kind of bird and etc come to this feeding ground mostly in the evening.
Badui Island : a small uninhabited , reef-lined island with beautiful white sand beaches beautiful coral and colorful fishes.
Handeleum island : situated among a group of small island just off the north eastern coast of the Ujung Kulon Peninsula
Cigenter River Canoeing : the river for an hour or so through some prime rain forest terrain will allow for many opportunities to view wildlife. The riverbanks are lined with the footprints of Banteng / wild bull and the Javan Rhino. The treetops are home to the many types of monkey and bird life. Hornbills fly overhead , pythons hang on tree branches , and monitor lizards scurry up the riverbanks.
Paddling Canoe to the Cigenter River at Ujung Kulon Nationa Park was an unbelievably fantastic experience. It's remarkably peaceful and lovely here, yet full of primeval, Jurassic Park stuff rain forest and trees that have fallen into the river. The rich colors of the place are so beautiful, and the strong tropical sun creates great pools of mottled light on the river's surface.
Cimayang : a most spectacular white sand beach where the rain forest meets the ocean. The beaches mostly use by travellers as the camping ground.
Cibom : The old duct port it was destroyed by Tsunami of Krakatau at 1883, Starting point to Tracking for Ciramea and Tanjung Layar Light House.
Ciramea : The southern part of Ujung Kulon National Park facing to Indian ocean with soft white sand beaches. The green Turtle mostly seen here.
Tanjung Layar Light House : This place was used by the Netherlands Colonial as trade peer during the colonial. The ruin of the building can tell how big was the tsunami when krakatau erupted on 1883. A great scenery and ocean view can be seen on this area especially Indian Ocean and Sunda strait.
Panaitan Island : Part of Ujung Kulon National Park, this island as starting point for trekking to mount Raksa. On the island we can see an Hindu heritage such statue of Ganesha, it's can tell us they was live on the island before the Krakatoa Erupted on 1883. Also the Panaitan island famous for its great wave for surfing.
Taman Jaya : The last village on the coastline border of Ujung Kulon National Park. Hot spring and rice field terrace can be found on this park.
Ujung Kulon National Park Tour Type
Ujung Kulon national park is Eco-adventure tour type. The unique and the most beautiful national park in Indonesia archipelago, huge tropical rain forest and a home of wild life such endangered one horn javan Rhinoceros (Badak Jawa).
The Carita Beach is the main port for touring to Ujung Kulon National Park and Krakatoa volcano. There are two boat options to take on tour, speed boat and wooden boat. for the day trip mostly take a speed boat. Touring to this area an a such expensive trip but its worth with what you spend.
Ujung Kulon National Park History
In 1846, ujung Kulon Flora and Fauna is well known by Junghun, botanical expert form Germany.
In 1921, Ujung Kulon and Panaitan Island was Nominated as Nature Park by the Netherlands Government's Decision Latter No.60 on 16 November 1921.
in 1937, Decision of NetherLand Government No.17 on 14 June 1937 is to change Ujung Kulon into Animal Park by including peucang and Panaitan Island.
In 1958, based on Decision Letter of Ministry of Agriculture No.48/Um/1958 on 17 April 1958 is to change to Ujung Kulon into Nature Park by including marine area of 500 meter form the lowest tidal wave.
In 1967, Decision Letter of Ministry of Agricultre No.16/kpts/Um/1967 on marct 1967, Gunung Honje is Part of The Ujung Kulon Nature Park.
In 1976, Nort Gunung Honje is Part of Ujung Kulon by Decision Letter of Ministri of Agriculture No.39/kpts/Um/1979, covering area of 9,498 ha, by Decision Letter of Minister of Forestry No.96/kpts/II/1984,the area consisting of: Ujung Kulon Peninsula, Gunung Honje, Peucang and Panaitan Island, Krakatau Volcano Island and Carita Recreation Park.
In 1980, on 15 March, Through Ministry of Agriculture statement, Ujung Kulon is managed by National Park Management System.
In 1984, Ujung Kulon is formed Ujung Kulon National Park.
In 1990, based on Decision Latter of Director General Forest Protection and Nature Consevation No.44/kpts/DJ/1990 on 8 May 1990, Ujung Kulon National Park releasing Krakatau Island to Management of Nature Conversation II Tanjung Karang, and Carita Recreation Park to Perum Perhutani Unit III West Java.
In 1992, Ujung Kulon Was officially declare on a National Park with the decree No.284/kpts-II/1992 Dated February 26, 1992. The area consisting Ujung Kulon Peninsula, Panaitan Island, Peucang Island, Handeuleum slad and Gunung Honje with encompasses approximately 76,214 ha land and 44.337 ha marine areas
In 1992, Ujung Kulon National Park and The Krakatau Volcano Isaland Nature Reserve declared as World Heritage Site By United Nation Education, Social and Culture Organization (UNESCO) With the decree No.SC/Eco/5867.2.409, on 1992.
Ujung Kulon National Park Zone
Ujung Kulon National Park is Manage by Zonal system, based on Decision Letter of Director General of Forest Protection and Nature Conversations No: 115/kpts/DJ-VI/1997 on 7 Agustus 1997, about Zones in Ujung Kulon National Park consisting of:
a. Core zone covers area of 37,150 ha
b. Forest zone covers area of 77,295 ha
c. Intensive used zone covers area of 1,096 ha
d. Traditional used zone covers area of 1,810 ha
e. Rehabilitation zone covers area of 3,200 ha
Ujung Kulon National Park is one history facts of the ruins of Krakatau - Krakatoa Volcano explosion in 1883, which has known for its great explosion that continued to succession of the glowing of plants and wild animals. Ujung Kulon National Park is also well known as home for Javan Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Sondaicus).
Through survey that was done by experts, it was found 700 kinds of flora and 57 kinds among them are rare and endemic species, and up to present the flora and fauna potential are spreaded into these vegetation:
a. Coastal Forest, formation is consisting of pes caprae (Ipomoea pescaprae (katang-katang)), spinifex littoreus (jukut kiara), pandanus tectorius (pandanan), and barringtonia (butun(Baringtonia asiatica)), Api-api (Avicena app).
b. Mangrove,general kinds which founded are padi-padi (Lumnitzeraracemosa), api-api (Avicena spp).
c. Fresh Weather Swamp, is known by the Types of Typha (Thypa Angustifolia),teki (Cyperus spp.).
d. Lowland Tropical Forest is known by palma.
Ujung Kulon National Park is one of the oldest national park in Indonesia. Many kind of Animal live and reproduce in this park. Numbers of kinds of fauna which are known to the present are shown as:
Flora and Fauna potentials in Ujung Kulon National Park
1. Fauna mammals = 35 Kinds, Primates = 5 Kinds, Birds = 240 Kinds, Reptiles = 59 Kinds, Amphibia = 22 Kinds, Pisces = 142 Kinds, Coral Reefs = 33 Kinds.
Numbes of Species above mentioned, compare to total number of species on java,26, 32% of mammals, 66, 3% of Birds and 34, 10% of reptiles live in Ujung Kulon National.
Kraktau Tsunami 1883
The Giant Tsunami of Krakatoa - Krakatu Volcano about 30 - 40 Meter High and the speed reach about 180-200 km/h. It was destroyer more than 270 villages around Java and Sumatra and more than 36.000 people die by tsunami and most the kids was killed by the Volcanic Gas. The Krakatau - Krakatoa tsunami Lifted the Steamer Boat BEROUW up the Kaoeripan River valley at Lampung bay depositing the ship over 3 miles inland and killing all 28 crew steamer ship, On Sunday August 27th 1883 at 10.05 am the sky was changed suddenly dark and the lighting blasted, rained by black sand, ash and dust. in the distance could be seen the thousands of flame rock flied tossed to the atmosphere from Krakatoa -Krakatau volcano, the local peoples said that was Dooms day “ KIAMAT” .the big stone as big as car was land on Carita beach, and many prisoners was killed by blasted lighting at Tanjung Layar Light house (Ujung kulon) and the light house was destroy as well. it was reported later and The Anyar Light house to navigated Shipping land at Sunda Strait was destroyed too but the light house keeper was secure and report on light house keeper log book.
The Effect of Krakatoa - Krakatau volcano hot wave, dust and ash into the Atmosphere
- Caused Blood red color, orange and fantastic colored sunset, blue moon can be seen for 4-5 years (1883-1885).
- Caused Disturbances of radio communication all around the globe for 3 day.
- The fabulous sunset can be seen in Australia, Paris, England, japan, Brazil and USA.
- Japan, Yoko hama August 29th 1883, "Blood Red with jet like smoke passing across it's face lasted 2 day
- In sarry has light pink cirras stripes at sunset September 26th 1883.
- Buenos Ayres february 24th 1884, the glow was begin they lasted 1,5 hours the sun and the moon occasionally colored.
- Somerset, Mass U.S (S.S.R) beautiful colored sunset at last of September 1883.
- Rio de janeiro Last of September 1883 very strong glows as never before seen.
- Chelsea, west London, the sky seriously changing at the sunset between September 1883 - 1886.
Reborn of Anak krakatau (Child of Krakatoa Volcano)
Forty years after the main explosion, in the beginning of 1927, volcanic activity was seen in the sea covering the old caldera, between the sites of the two northern most former volcanoes of Krakatau, where the greatest activity had occurred at the time of the cataclysm. A series of eruptions 185 m below the surface of the sea resulted in the emergence of tree new island, one after the other. They were all soon destroyed by surf. A fourth emerged from the sea on August 12th 1930. It remained above water, and was aptly named Anak Krakatau ( Child of Krakatau ). its grew by the accumulation of ash, and suffered a devastating eruption in 1952, and another very destructive one in 1972. It is now 300 m high and 2 km in diameter, and is still active. The northeast coast, north forel and and east fore land are now vegetated; the succession of vegetation is still at an early stage, over 200 species of higher plants Casuarina Equisetifolia (Cemara ) being the dominant trees and 36 kinds species of birds was recorded at 1980.
The three outer islands of the present Krakatau volcano group (Rakata, Sertung and Panjang) are though to be the remnants of one previous huge volcanic island called "Ancient Krakatau" . it was 11.000 m in diameter and 2000 m high, according to records in the Javanes BOOK OF KING it exploded and collapsed, perhaps in prehistoric times but possibly as recently as 416 AD.
Type and Typical of Krakatau (Krakatoa) volcano Sunda Strait Indonsia
Name : Krakatoa Volcano - Krakatau Volcano
Location : Sunda Strait, between Java and Sumatra, Indonesia
Summit elevation : 813 M (2.667 ft), Anak Krakatau 300 M
Volcano type : Caldera
Last eruption of Krakatau : 1530, 1680, 1684, 1883 (Plinian eruption), 1927-30 (reborn of anak Krakatau), 1931-32, 1932-34, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1946-47, 1949, 1950, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1958-59, 1959-63, 1965, 1969, 1972-73, 1975, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1988, 1992-93, 1994-95, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, Oct 2007 - March 2008, 24th March 2009 till October 2009, Now October 2010... !,
Krakatau typical eruption : Explosive, Contruction of chinder cone island (Anak Krakatau) inside caldera formed by the Krakatau 1883 eruption. frequently strombolian activities.
Krakatoa tour - Krakatau tour the new up date information about Krakatau volcano:
The Krakatoa Volcano - krakatau volcano are active with explosion and tossed the hard material
since 24th March 2009 till to October 2009, Now.. October 2010 Krakatau volcano Active... its would be nice to see the night explosion in the night with Krakatoa-Krakatau Volcano tour stay over night trip.
Krakatau Volcano Island - Krakatoa Volcano Island (Anak Gunung Krakatau) Administration:
In 1976 North Gunung Honje is Part of Ujung Kulon by Decision Letter of Ministrer of Agriculture No.39/kpts Um/1979, covering area of 9,498 ha, by Decision Letter of Ministri of Forestry No.96/kpts/II/1984,the area consisting of: Ujung Kulon Peninsula, Gunung Honje, Peucang and Panaitan Island, Krakarau Volcano Island - Krakatoa Volcano (Anak Gunung Krakatau) and Carita Receration Park.
In 1990 based on Decision Latter of Director General Forest Protection and Nature Conservation o.44/kpts/DJ/1990 on 8 May 1990, Ujung Kulon National Park relasing Krakatau Volcano Island to Management of Nature Conversation II Tanjung Karang, and Carita Recreation Park to Perum Perhutani Unit III West Java.
In 1992 Ujung Kulon National Park and Krakatau Volcano-Krakatoa Volcano Island Nature Reserve declared as World Heritage Site By United Nation Education, Social and Culture Organization (UNESCO) With the decree No.SC/Eco/5867.2.409, on 1992.
|West Java Tour Destinations
West Java Activities and Excurtions
□ Bogor Botanical Garden
□ Kampung Naga
□ Gunung Gede
□ Pangrangau Natioinal Park
□ Mount Halimun
□ Mount Tangkuban Perahu
□ Museum Asia Afrika
□ Taman Safari
□ Mount Krakatau
□ Ujung Kulun
□ Badui Village
□ Alun Alun
□ Traditonal Market
□ Surfing at Cimaja Pelabuhan Ratu
□ Becak Riding
□ Village sightseeing